Overview | Specific
Work Activities | Common Work Activities | Related
Occupations | Skills and Abilities | Working
Conditions | Physical Demands | Knowledge
| Interests | Wages | Current
Employment | Outlook |
Helpful High School Courses | Preparation
| Related Educational Programs | Hiring Practices
| Licensing/Certification/Designation/Registration |
Advancement Opportunities | Additional
Sources of Information
- Design and test robotic parts and systems
- Have excellent math, science, physics,
and computing skills
- Are creative
- Sit for long periods of time
- Many have a master's degree
- Need a license
- Earn $96,400 per year (Hawaii median)
Robotics engineers research, design, develop, and test robotic applications.
Robots can be used to do jobs such as:
- Assemble electronics
- Toxic waste clean-up
- Bomb disposal
- Build cars
Robotics engineers research new ideas for using robots. They design and build robotic prototypes (or models). Using the prototypes, engineers analyze how well the robot works and make adjustments as needed.
Depending on the field they work in, robotic engineers may study the human body in order to design robots that copy human movement.
Since robots are managed by computers, robotics engineers must be very good at computer science. Often, they write the software program that tells the robot what to do and how to do it. They fix or debug the program if there is a problem.
Robotics engineers may develop greener manufacturing processes to get the job done faster and leave less waste.
The following list of occupational tasks is specific to robotics engineers.
- Build, configure, and test robots.
- Design robotic systems for different jobs like toxic waste clean-up or bomb disposal. Design systems such as controls, sensors, and robotic bodies.
- Design software to control robotic systems for applications such as military defense and manufacturing.
- Create robotic systems to increase production and precision in factories. Products may include medicine, renewable energy systems, or electric cars.
- Test and review robotic systems or prototypes.
- Analyze and survey laboratory robotics.
- Conduct research into the design, operation, or performance of robotic parts and systems. These include rovers, multiple mobile robots, robots that can be reconfigured, and robots that can interact with humans.
- Conduct research on robotic technology to create new robotic systems or system capabilities.
- Debug robotics programs.
- Design tools to be used as part of the robot’s “arm.”
Robotics engineers perform the following list
of tasks, but the tasks are common to many occupations.
- Use computers.
- Make decisions and solve problems.
- Get information needed to do the job.
- Provide information or drawings about devices,
equipment, or structures.
- Analyze data or information.
- Process information.
- Think creatively.
- Communicate with supervisors, peers, or subordinates.
- Identify objects, actions, and events.
- Evaluate information against standards.
- Update and use job-related knowledge.
- Monitor events, materials, and surroundings.
- Estimate sizes, quantities, time, cost, or materials
- Control machines and processes.
- Repair and maintain electronic equipment.
- Repair and maintain mechanical equipment.
- Inspect equipment, structures, or materials.
- Coordinate the work and activities of others.
- Develop and build teams.
- Provide advice and consultation to others.
- Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics
- Electrical and Electronics Engineers
- Industrial Engineers
- Manufacturing Engineers
- Mechanical Engineers
Hawaii Career Pathways:
- Industrial & Engineering Technology
Related O*NET Specialties:
Robotics engineers need
- Read and understand work-related materials.
- Express ideas clearly when speaking or writing.
- Listen to others, understand, and ask questions.
Reason and Problem Solve
- Notice when something is wrong or is likely
to go wrong.
- Analyze ideas and use logic to determine their
strengths and weaknesses.
- Combine several pieces of information and draw
- Develop rules or follow guidelines for arranging
- Use reasoning to discover answers to problems.
- Identify problems and review information. Develop,
review, and apply solutions.
- Judge the costs and benefits of a possible action.
- Think of new ideas or original and creative
ways to solve problems.
- Determine how a system should work. Study how
changes in conditions affect outcomes.
- Understand new information or materials by studying
and working with them.
- Concentrate and not be distracted while performing
- Identify ways to measure and improve system
- Remember information such as words, numbers,
pictures, and procedures.
Use Math and Science
Manage Oneself, People, Time, and Things
- Use math and science skills to solve problems.
- Add, subtract, multiply, and divide quickly
Work with People
- Check how well one is learning or doing something.
- Manage the time of self and others.
- Motivate, develop, and direct people as they
Work with Things
- Be aware of others’ reactions and change
behavior in relation to them.
- Use several methods to learn or teach others
- Persuade others to approach things differently.
- Test and inspect products, services, or processes.
Evaluate quality or performance.
- Watch gauges, dials, and output to make sure
a machine is working properly.
- Determine the tools and equipment needed to
do a job.
- Determine the causes of technical problems
and find solutions for them.
- Maintain equipment on a routine basis. Determine
when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Repair machines or systems.
- Design equipment and technology to meet user
- Analyze needs and requirements when designing
- Write computer programs.
- Operate and control equipment.
Perceive and Visualize
- Imagine how something will look if it is moved
around or its parts are rearranged.
- Identify a pattern (a figure, object, word,
or sound) that is hidden in distracting material.
- Quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers,
objects, pictures, or patterns.
In a typical work setting, robotics engineers:
- Are significantly responsible for work outcomes and the work
done by others.
- Have a medium level of social interaction. They spend time
working with other engineers and technologists, but also spend time alone
- Are somewhat responsible for the health and safety of others.
- Are occasionally placed in conflict situations.
- Communicate mostly by e-mail, telephone, or in-person discussions.
They also write letters and memos, but less often.
- Often work as part of a project team.
Physical Work Conditions
- Regularly wear safety attire.
- Usually work indoors.
- Are sometimes exposed to loud or distracting sounds or noise
- Are occasionally exposed to hazardous equipment.
- May share lab or office space with others.
- Must be extremely accurate when performing the
job. Errors significantly alter how a robotic device works.
- Rarely consult a supervisor before making a
decision or setting tasks and goals.
- Meet strict weekly and monthly deadlines. This
makes the work atmosphere somewhat competitive.
- Regularly make decisions that strongly impact
coworkers and their company.
- Repeat the same mental and physical tasks.
- Sometimes must match the pace of work to the
speed of equipment.
Hours / Travel
- Generally have a set schedule each week.
- Usually work 40 hours a week. However, overtime
is common, especially when nearing project deadlines.
Robotics engineers frequently:
- Use their hands to handle, control, or feel
objects, tools, or controls.
- Sit for long periods of time.
It is important for robotics engineers to
be able to:
- See details of objects whether they are nearby
or far away.
- Use fingers to grasp, move, or assemble very
- Understand the speech of another person.
- Speak clearly so listeners can understand.
- Hold the arm and hand in one position or hold
the hand steady while moving the arm.
- Make quick, precise adjustments to machine controls.
- See differences between colors, shades, and
It is not as important, but still necessary, for robotics engineers to be able to:
- Determine the distance between objects.
- Focus on one source of sound and ignore others.
- Hear sounds and recognize the difference between
- Use one or two hands to grasp, move, or assemble
- Adjust body movements or equipment controls
to keep pace with speed changes of moving objects.
- Move two or more limbs together (for example,
two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while remaining in place.
- React quickly using hands, fingers, or feet.
- Choose quickly and correctly among various movements
when responding to different signals.
- Use stomach and lower back muscles to support
the body for long periods without getting tired.
- Make fast, repeated movements of fingers, hands,
- While looking forward, see objects or movements
that are off to the side.
- See objects in very bright or glaring light.
- Bend, stretch, twist, or reach out.
Robotics engineers need
knowledge in the following areas:
- Engineering and Technology: Knowledge of how
to build machines, buildings, and other things. Also includes knowledge of
how to use computers, machines, and tools to do work more usefully.
- Computers and Electronics: Knowledge of computer
hardware and software.
- Design: Knowledge of making and using plans,
blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Mechanical: Knowledge of designing, using, and
repairing machines and tools.
- Mathematics: Knowledge of the rules and uses
of numbers. Areas of knowledge include arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and
- Production and Processing: Knowledge of how
products are made and supplied.
- Physics: Knowledge of the features and rules
of matter and energy. Areas of knowledge include air, water, light, heat,
weather, and other natural events.
- English Language: Knowledge of the meaning,
spelling, and use of the English language.
- Administration and Management: Knowledge of
managing the operations of a business, company, or group.
- Education and Training: Knowledge of teaching
and the methods involved in learning and instruction.
- Telecommunications: Knowledge of the equipment
that is used to send messages as electronic impulses. Examples include radio,
television, telegraph, and cable.
- Public Safety and Security: Knowledge of protecting
people, data, and property.
- Customer and Personal Service: Knowledge of
providing special services to customers based on their needs.
Robotics engineers are people who tend
- Consider good working conditions important.
They like jobs offering steady employment and good pay. They want employment
that fits their individual work style. They may prefer doing a variety of
tasks, working alone, or being busy all the time.
- Consider independence important. They like to
make decisions and try out ideas on their own. They prefer jobs where they
can plan their work with little supervision.
- Consider achievement important. They like to
see the results of their work and to use their strongest abilities. They like
to get a feeling of accomplishment from their work.
- Consider recognition important. They like to
work in jobs which have opportunities for them to advance, be recognized for
their work, and direct and instruct others. They usually prefer jobs in which
they are looked up to by others.
- Consider support from their employer important.
They like to be treated fairly and have supervisors who will back them up.
They prefer jobs where they are trained well.
- Have investigative interests. They like work
activities that have to do with ideas and thinking. They like to search for
facts and figure out solutions to problems mentally.
- Have realistic interests. They like work activities
that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They like to work
with plants, animals, and physical materials such as wood, tools, and machinery.
They often prefer to work outside.
- Have conventional interests. They like work
activities that follow set procedures, routines, and standards. They like
to work with data and detail. They prefer working where there is a clear line
of authority to follow.
Occupational Interest Codes:
Wage information is not available specifically for robotics engineers. However, they are part of the larger group of "engineers, all other."
Wages vary by employer and area of the country. The engineer's level of training, experience, and responsibility also affect wages.
Robotics engineers who work full time usually receive benefits. Typical benefits include sick leave, paid vacation, and health insurance. Some employers also provide a retirement plan.
Engineers, all other
The number of robotics engineers employed in Hawaii and nationally is not available.
- Aerospace product and parts manufacturers
- Engineering firms
- Federal government agencies
- Motor vehicle parts manufacturers
- Navigational and control equipment manufacturers
In Hawaii, outlook information is not available specifically for robotics engineers. However, they are part of a larger group of "engineers, all other." Little change in the number of jobs for workers in this group is expected through the year 2020.
Nationally, employment of workers in this group is expected to grow slower than average through the year 2020.
The table below provides information about the number of engineers, all other in various regions. It also provides information about the expected growth rate and future job openings. Information is not available specifically about robotics engineers.
Much of the job growth for robotics engineers will be due to the growing green sector of the economy, especially in the manufacturing and research industries. Robotics engineers will be needed to help develop greener manufacturing processes. Opportunities will be best for engineers with strong mechanical, computing, and communication skills.
Job openings will occur each year as workers leave this occupation or retire.
Engineers, all other
In high school, take classes that prepare you for college. A college preparatory curriculum may be different from our state's graduation requirements. Click here for public school graduation requirements for the Class of 2014 and 2015. Click here for the graduation requirements for the Class of 2016 and beyond.
If you attend a private school, check with your school counselor for graduation
requirements. Robotics engineers use math and science frequently. Try to take math classes through Trigonometry and science classes through Physics.
You should also consider
taking some advanced courses in high school. This includes Advanced Placement
(AP) and International Baccalaureate (IB) courses if they are available in your
school. If you do well in these courses, you may receive college credit for
them. Advanced courses can also strengthen your college application.
Helpful electives to take in high school that prepare you for this
- Blueprint Reading
- Computer Applications
- Computer Science
- Introduction to Mechanics
The courses listed above
are meant to help you create your high school plan. If you have not already
done so, talk to a school counselor or parent about the courses you are considering
You should also check with
a teacher or counselor to see if work-based learning opportunities are available
in your school and community. These might include field trips, job shadowing,
internships, and actual work experience. The goal of these activities is to
help you connect your school experiences with real-life work.
Join some groups, try some
hobbies, or volunteer with an organization that interests you. By participating
in activities you can have fun, make new friends, and learn about yourself.
Maybe one of them will help direct you to a future career. Click here for examples
and groups that may be available in your high school or community.
To work as a remote sensing engineer, you typically need to:
- have a high school diploma or GED;
- have at least a bachelor's degree in engineering; and
- have a license.
Most students prepare for this field by earning a bachelor's degree in engineering. There are very few robotics engineering bachelor’s programs. However, the field of robotics is growing and preparation can also be gained through computer science, electronic engineering, and physics degree programs. Many four-year colleges and universities offer these programs of study. You may need between four and five years to complete this program.
Many workers in this occupation have some kind of advanced degree. Master’s and PhD. programs in engineering, artificial intelligence, and computer science are all good preparation for this field. With advanced degrees, robotics engineers can work in labs as lead engineers on projects. They can also teach at universities.
Consider participating in an internship with an engineering firm while you are in college. An internship offers you a chance to apply what you have learned in the classroom to a work situation. It also allows you to build skills and make contacts with people in the field.
Because this job is very specialized and involves several disciplines, on-the-job training may vary by employer and project.
- Computer and Information Sciences
- Electrical/Electronics Technologies
- Engineering Technologies
Most employers require that robotics engineers have at least a bachelor's degree in engineering. Due to this occupation's complexity, many employers require a master's degree or even a doctorate. Employers also look for people with strong communication, computer, and mechanical skills. Certification or licensing may also be required.
Licensing / Certification / Designation / Registration
In Hawaii, engineers
(except those employed by the federal government) whose work involves the safety
or health of the public must be licensed by the Hawaii board of professional
engineers, architects, surveyors, and landscape architects. In Hawaii, licenses
are offered in seven disciplines of engineering which include agriculture, chemical,
civil, electrical, industrial, mechanical, and structural. Licensure requires
meeting educational and experience requirements, passing an exam, and paying
Because the field of robotics is so complex, most robotics engineers have advanced degrees. This often means that they begin work on very difficult and complicated projects upon hiring. They may start out as a team member and by displaying their technical and problem-solving skills, they can advance to a leadership position. Some robotics engineers with business skills may create their own robotics companies and laboratories.
Sources of Information
Available on the Internet
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LMI Innovation Grant, Research and Statistics Office, Department of Labor &
Industrial Relations, State of Hawaii. All Rights Reserved.