Weatherization Installers and Technicians
Overview | Related Occupations
| Outlook | Helpful High School Courses
| Preparation | Related Educational
Programs | Additional Sources of Information
- Need a high school degree
- May have a certificate or two-year degree in building-related trade
- Work both indoors and outdoors
- Interact with homeowners and building owners
- Improve the heating and cooling efficiency of structures
- Earn $34,990 per year (national median)
Weatherization installers and technicians make homes and buildings more energy efficient by installing or changing existing features of the structure.
Weatherization installers and technicians inspect the home or building. They check for drafts and leaks and check the attic and crawl space for insulation (and any damage to it). Special tools are needed to determine airflow and where hot or cold air might leak.
Once weatherization installers and technicians complete their inspections, they tell clients what should be replaced, installed, or changed. Technicians explain each option, from installing new water heaters to using lower watt light bulbs. They estimate the costs of these changes for homeowners.
Weatherization installers and technicians have to understand both electrical and heating systems. These workers must have good mechanical skills and be able to work with a variety of equipment. They use special tools for testing and to install or fix new doors, windows, air ducts, and insulation. They also perform heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) work. They also work with:
They install insulation in attics and other hard to reach spaces. They place thermal blankets on water heaters and wrap pipes and ductwork to seal leaks and reduce energy costs.
Weatherization installers and technicians schedule appointments and maintain work and billing records. They also must clean and maintain their tools.
The following list of occupational tasks is specific to weatherization installers and technicians.
- Test and diagnose air flow systems.
- Inspect buildings to identify weatherization needs, such as repair work, modification, or replacement.
- Keep logs of activity, financial, and records of work performed.
- Apply insulation materials to attics, crawl spaces, basements, duct, water lines, and walls.
- Prepare or assist in the preparation of bids and contracts.
- Install and seal air ducts and other openings in buildings to improve heating and cooling efficiency.
- Recommend weatherization techniques to clients according to their needs and relevant building codes.
- Explain energy conservation measures, recommendations, policies, requirements and other information to residents and building owners.
- Clean and maintain tools and equipment.
- Prepare and apply weather-stripping, glazing, caulking, or door sweeps.
- Prepare cost estimates.
- Make minor repairs.
Weatherization installers and technicians perform the following list
of tasks, but the tasks are common to many occupations.
- Get information needed to do the job.
- Perform activities that use the whole body.
- Make decisions and solve problems.
- Work with the public.
- Inspect equipment, structures, or materials.
- Communicate with supervisors, peers, or subordinates.
- Operate vehicles or mechanized equipment.
- Evaluate information against standards.
- Update and use job-related knowledge.
- Schedule work and activities.
- Organize, plan, and prioritize work.
- Document and record information.
- Handle and move objects.
- Control machines and processes.
- Monitor events, materials, and surroundings.
- Coordinate the work and activities of others.
- Process information.
- Communicate with people outside the organization.
- Teach others.
- Establish and maintain relationships.
- Architecture and Construction
Hawaii Career Pathways:
- Industrial & Engineering Technology
Weatherization installers and technicians need
- Express ideas clearly when speaking or writing.
- Listen to others, understand, and ask questions.
- Read and understand work-related materials.
Reason and Problem Solve
- Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong.
- Follow guidelines to arrange objects or actions in a certain order.
- Use reasoning to discover answers to problems.
- Analyze ideas and use logic to determine their strengths and weaknesses.
- Combine several pieces of information and draw conclusions.
- Determine how a system should work. Study how changes in conditions affect outcomes.
- Judge the costs and benefits of a possible action.
Manage Oneself, People, Time, and Things
- Check how well one is learning or doing something.
Work with Things
- Watch gauges, dials, and output to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Operate and control equipment.
In a typical work setting, weatherization installers and technicians:
- Have a medium to high level of social interaction. They talk to clients throughout the day, but do have time alone during installation.
- Are greatly responsible for the safety of others.
- Are somewhat responsible for the work results of other technicians.
- Often work as part of a team.
- Communicate mostly via telephone and in-person discussions. They also write email, but less frequently.
Physical Work Conditions
- Wear specialized protective and safety gear on a daily basis.
- Work both indoors or outdoors.
- Frequently get into awkward positions to reach cramped work spaces.
- Are exposed to contaminants on a daily basis.
- On a weekly basis are exposed to very hot or cold temperatures. This is largely due to weather patterns.
- Are often exposed to hazardous equipment and situations.
- Sometimes must work in extreme lighting conditions.
- Occasionally are exposed to high places during installation or inspection.
- Occasionally are exposed to loud or distracting sounds and noise levels.
- Travel to and from work sites in an enclosed vehicle, such as a truck or van.
- May work physically near others, within a few feet.
- Must be exact when performing the job. Errors can impact the efficiency of client homes.
- Repeat the same physical and mental tasks.
- Are usually able to make decisions on their own that affect their customers. Sometimes they consult with other installers or supervisors before taking a course of action.
- Must meet strict weekly deadlines.
- Make decisions that effect their company and their clients' homes.
Hours / Travel
- Usually work a set schedule.
- Usually work 40 hours per week.
- May work overtime.
Weatherization installers and technicians frequently:
- Use their hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools, or controls.
- Stand for long periods of time.
- Bend or twist their body.
- Repeat the same movements.
It is important for weatherization installers and technicians to
be able to:
- See details of objects whether they are nearby or far away.
- Use fingers or hands to grasp, move, or assemble very small objects.
- Hold the arm and hand in one position or hold the hand steady while moving the arm.
- Speak clearly so listeners can understand.
- Understand the speech of another person.
- Move two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while remaining in place.
- Make quick, precise adjustments to machine controls.
- Determine the distance between objects.
It is not as important, but still necessary, for weatherization installers and technicians to be able to:
- Bend, stretch, twist, or reach out.
- Use stomach and lower back muscles to support the body for long periods without getting tired.
- Use muscles to lift, push, pull, or carry heavy objects.
- See differences between colors, shades, and brightness.
- React quickly using hands, fingers, or feet.
- See objects in very bright or glaring light.
- Focus on one source of sound and ignore others.
- Move arms and legs quickly.
- Choose quickly and correctly among various movements when responding to different signals.
- Coordinate movement of several parts of the body, such as arms and legs, while the body is moving.
- Keep or regain the body's balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
- Hear sounds and recognize the difference between them.
- Make fast, repeated movements of fingers, hands, and wrists.
- Adjust body movements or equipment controls to keep pace with speed changes of moving objects.
- While looking forward, see objects or movements that are off to the side.
Weatherization installers and technicians need
knowledge in the following areas:
- Building and Construction: Knowledge of constructing buildings and other structures.
- Customer and Personal Service: Knowledge of providing special services to customers based on their needs.
- Mechanical: Knowledge of designing, using, and repairing machines and tools.
- Mathematics: Knowledge of the rules and uses of numbers. Areas of knowledge include arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and statistics.
- Production and Processing: Knowledge of how products are made and supplied.
- Administration and Management: Knowledge of managing the operations of a business, company, or group.
- Clerical: Knowledge of general office work such as filing and recording information.
Weatherization installers and technicians are people who tend
- Consider support from their employer important. They like to be treated fairly and have supervisors who will back them up. They prefer jobs where they are trained well.
- Have realistic interests. They like work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They like to work with plants, animals, and physical materials such as wood, tools, and machinery. They often prefer to work outside.
- Have conventional interests. They like work activities that follow set procedures, routines, and standards. They like to work with data and detail. They prefer working where there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Occupational Interest Codes:
Wage information is not available specifically for weatherization installers and technicians. However, they are part of the larger group of "construction and related workers, all other."
Pay varies with the area of the country, the employer, and the worker's experience. Workers who have an electrician's license typically earn more.
Full-time weatherization installers and technicians may receive benefits. Typical benefits include health insurance, sick leave, and paid vacation. Installers and technicians who work for small companies may have to provide their own insurance.
Construction and Related Workers, All Other
(1) Wage estimate is not available.
Growth is expected to continue in the weatherization industry. This is due to the trend in government incentives and increased consumer interest. These incentives make weatherization more affordable for individuals and businesses.
In high school, take classes that prepare you for college. A college preparatory curriculum may be different from our state's graduation requirements. Click here for public school graduation requirements for the Class of 2014 and 2015. Click here for the graduation requirements for the Class of 2016 and beyond.
If you attend a private school, check with your school counselor for graduation
Helpful electives to take in high school that prepare you for this
- Computer Science
- Equipment Maintenance and Repair
- Introduction to Mechanics
- Physical Science
The courses listed above
are meant to help you create your high school plan. If you have not already
done so, talk to a school counselor or parent about the courses you are considering
You should also check with
a teacher or counselor to see if work-based learning opportunities are available
in your school and community. These might include field trips, job shadowing,
internships, and actual work experience. The goal of these activities is to
help you connect your school experiences with real-life work.
Join some groups, try some
hobbies, or volunteer with an organization that interests you. By participating
in activities you can have fun, make new friends, and learn about yourself.
Maybe one of them will help direct you to a future career. Click here for examples
and groups that may be available in your high school or community.
To work as a weatherization installer and technician, you typically need to:
- have a high school diploma or GED; and
- have work experience in a related occupation
or have a combination of education and experience.
A college degree is not required to become a weatherization installer or technician. However, many installers and technicians have an associate degree in a building trade-related field, or a certificate from a training program.
A small number of colleges and universities offer training or continuing education programs in weatherization installation or technology. These programs offer specific courses in weatherization techniques as well as courses in work place safety and basic building and construction skills.
It is helpful to have construction, mechanical or electrical work experience. People with construction backgrounds are well suited for the work.
If you have related work experience, you can become a weatherization installer or technician through on-the-job training. The length of this training can vary.
- Construction Trades
Employers look for weatherization installers and technicians who have related work experience in this field. Those who are certified may have a competitive edge over other applicants.
Employers look for applicants with excellent communication skills. Installers and technicians must communicate with homeowners and other workers, so the ability to write and speak well is important. Those who are organized and detail-oriented are desirable employees as well.
In addition, it is important to be in good physical condition, as installers often have to lift and carry materials and equipment. Good balance and no fear of cramped spaces is also important.
Licensing / Certification / Designation / Registration
who install, test, and maintain electrical systems are required to have an electrician's
license. Check with your state for information about local licensing requirements.
Installers and technician jobs are entry-level jobs. Experience as construction helpers may allow workers to qualify as trainees or apprentices for skilled trades jobs. Many employers promote qualified workers as openings arise for skilled jobs.
Sources of Information
© Copyright Hawaii Green Jobs Initiative,
LMI Innovation Grant, Research and Statistics Office, Department of Labor &
Industrial Relations, State of Hawaii. All Rights Reserved.